F-Type Connectors Explained: How to Install F Connectors? (2024)

Compared to fiber or ethernet cables, traditional coaxial cables are not entirelyobsolete and still have their place in cable modem applications. The F-type connectoris a specific type of coaxial connector that is often used to connect coaxial cables to your domestic TV applications, including cable, television,and satellite television. This article aims to enhance your understanding of F connectors, exploring their features, applications, and installations.

What is Coaxial Connector?

Before knowing what an F connectoris, it’s essential to know the concept of coaxial connector. Coaxial connectors, also known as coax connectors, are designed to terminate coaxial cables, which are cables with a central conductor, inner dielectric insulator, metallic shield, and an outer insulating layer. Coax connectors help transmit analog signals in high frequencies with minimal RF signalloss. They are widely used in RF, CATV, and microwave industries. Popular types of coaxialconnectors include BNC, TNC, SMB, SMA, RCA, and F connectors. Among these connectors, Fconnectors for coaxial cables are the most cost-effective option for terminating coaxial cables in CATV and cable modems.

What isanF-Type Connector?

F-type connectors or F connectors were invented by Eric E. Winston in the early 1950swith the development of cable television. With the prevalence of their applications in VHF and UHF in the 1970s, they became one of the most common coaxial connectors in US domestic TVs.

The F-type connector has a 75 ohms impedance match and can support frequencies of up to 1 GHz. F-type connectors are often used with RG59 and RG6 cables in terrestrial, cable, and satellite TVs.

F Connector Gender

In the electrical field, coaxialconnectors are usually divided into female and male types. They need to match correctly to facilitate the transmission of electrical signalsin the correct direction.

By mating 3/8-32 United Extra Fine (UNEF) thread, coaxial F connectors have male and female types. The female Fconnector has ancenter socket inside surrounded by a threaded shell, while the male connector features a center pinand an internal thread. The female F connector is designed to precisely fit the corresponding male pin.

Types of F-Type Connectors

F-type connectors are typically categorized into three types based on different designs: twist-on, crimp-on, and compressed F connectors.

1. Twist-on/Screw-on F Connector

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Among the three types of F connectors, twist-on F-type connectorsare theeasiestto install. They are reusable and can be directly screwed onto the coaxial cable, making them ideal for field termination. These connectors are widely applicable in over-the-air antennas thanks to their convenience and efficiency.

2. Crimp-on F connectors

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The crimp-on F connectorneeds to be installed by using a special crimp tool to crimp the center pin It can provide great sealing if installed properly. But they are now replaced by compression F connectors.

3. Compression F Connectors

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Compression F-type connectorsalso provide a strong seal but require a special tool for installation. By compressingthe back end to the front end, these connectors can offer a waterproof and dustproof connection. It ensures high-quality signal integrity in many applications, such as surveillance systems, home theater systems, and so on.

Applications of F-Type Connectors

F-type connectors are widely used in different applications, including CATV, CCTV, board-to-board, and internet connection applications.

Television Applications: F connectors are widely used in television distribution systems, including cable television (CATV), satellite television (SATV), and Closed-Circuit Television (CCTV). These connectors connect coaxial cables from satellite or cable TV antennasto television set-top boxes.

Internet Access: F connectors can also be used to connect coaxial cables from internet service providers (ISPs) to the cable modem in your home or office for stable and reliable internet access.

Home Theater System: F-type connectors can also be usedto connectantennas, cable TV feeds, and satellite dishes to home theaters.

How to Install an F-type Connector on Your Coaxial Cable?

How tocorrectly install the F connector on your RG59 or RG6 coaxial cables? We’ll guide you through the step-by-step process of installing a screw-on F-type connector onto the coaxial cable.

Step 1:Prepare the following materials and tools: an RG59 or RG6 coaxial cable, a screw-on F-type connector, and a wire stripper.

Step 2:Strip off about 1/2inch of the jacket of the coaxial cable using a wire stripper.

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Step 3:Strip off the insulation using the wire stripper to expose the center copper conductor. Make sure not to damage the conductor.

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Step 4:Arrange the braided shielding.

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Step 5: Slide the screw-on connector on the coaxial cable and twist it tightly.

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Note: If you use a compression F connector, the installation process can be different. You should fit the F connector into the coaxial cable until it is fully seated, then insert the F connector in the compression tool, and press the tool tightly for a fully compressed F connector.

Final thoughts

F-type connectors provide a reliable connection for electrical signal transmission. It is still an essential component in transmitting analog or digital signals.Nowadays, this low-cost coaxial connector proves that simple andreliable designsare stillenduring.


What is the difference between F-type and N-type connectors?

F-type connectors are widely used for residential wiring such as cabletelevision, satellite television, and cable modems; while N-type connectors are designed for commercial cables and are used for high-frequency (UHF) antennas and radios.

What are the differences between SMA and F-type connectors?

They are not the same. SMA connectors are 50-ohm coaxial connectors used in high-frequency applications for superior performance.

What are the disadvantages of the F connector?

Twist-on F connectors may cause signal loss. Andcrimp-on and compression F connectors can nolonger be reusedonceinstalled.

For more information on this topic, you can keep up on ourblogs. While VCELINK offers general and basic information for our customers and other visitors to the website, it’s not professional advice.

F-Type Connectors Explained: How to Install F Connectors? (2024)


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